The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations <p>The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations, known as Jisiera, is an annual academic journal published by&nbsp;the Indonesian Islamic Studies and International Relations Association&nbsp;(Insiera). Jisiera promotes academic debates by providing scientific articles with all available academic approaches (intradisciplinary, crossdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary) focusing on issues related to Islam, the Moslem World, and International Relations. Particular attention is given to articles discussing on Islamic Studies approaches in International Relations and the application of Islamic perspective in International Relations.</p> en-US <p>Jisiera has full copyright to publish all accepted articles.</p> (Muhammad Qobidl 'Ainul Arif) (Muhammad Qobidl 'Ainul Arif) Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS <p style="color: #000000; font-family: &amp;quot; noto sans&amp;quot;,arial,helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: 400; letter-spacing: normal; orphans: 2; text-align: left; text-decoration: none; text-indent: 0px; text-transform: none; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px; white-space: normal; word-spacing: 0px;">This study is based on the rise of Islamic perspective in International Relations (IR) in several IR study programs in Indonesia. This study aims to elaborate the achievements of the development of Islamic perspectives in IR studies in Indonesia and what the factors influence the lack of productivity of scientific publications that related to Islamic International Relations. The subject of research are the head of the International Relations program under Islamic Universities (University of Darussalam Gontor, Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta, Islamic University of Indonesia, Sunan Ampel State Islamic University Surabaya and Muhammadiyah University of Malang) and members of Insiera (the Indonesian Islamic Studies and International Organization Relations Association) based in Yogyakarta. This study founded that the lack of quantity of Islamic International Relations-based scientific works in Indonesia is related to three conditions: first, the lack of development of the Islamic International Relations methodology in several universities; second, this temporary Islamic International Relations limited to specialization and not expertise; and the last, internal conditions on each campus, which is not related to the development of Islamic International Relations, has captured the attention of the majority of Islamic International Relations thinkers and researchers.</p> Sofi Mubarok, Rudi Chandra Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 MALAYSIAN FOREIGN POLICY ON THE ISSUE OF ICERD (INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON THE ELIMINATION OF ALL FORMS OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION) <p>ICERD (International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination) is international treaty initiated by the United Nations to encounter racial discrimination. It was inspired by various racial discrimination in US, UK, Germany, and Spain. At 20 November 1963, some countries in UN initiated Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. The declaration then became ICERD at 21 December 1965 and opened to be signed at 7 March 1966. On November 2018, 179 countries had ratified ICERD. Meanwhile, 18 countries not yet ratified ICERD, including Malaysia. This article tries to find reasons of why Malaysia not yet ratified ICERD while international pressure on this issue is quite high. To answer the research problem, the writer utilize Robert D. Putnam‘s Two-Games theory. The research concluded that the government of Malaysia not yet ratified ICERD due to higher domestic political pressure rather than international.</p> Muhammad Fatahillah Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations Thu, 21 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 FEMALE LABOR MIGRATION AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO THE FAMILY ECONOMY <p>International migration occurs due to population growth that is not matched by growth in opportunities and job availability. Increased labor force and limited domestic employment, making the flow of labor migration abroad increased. International migration as labor is dominated by female workers (TKW). The increasing flow of labor migration of Indonesian women in abroad, even beyond men, shows the importance of understanding what is behind their movement. Especially women who are already married must have a reason to immigrate. For rural and married women who do not have many skills, international migration is a golden opportunity to improve their family's economy. This research is qualitative by using method of textual study by analyzing secondary data from various related literatures, then completed by semi structured interview with some main respondents that former female worker. Empirical data shows that married women working overseas due to economic considerations. Initiatives for work generally come from women themselves, whereas family members only approve. Thus, women have more freedom and confidence to decide to work overseas.</p> Sitti Nurtina Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 DIPLOMASI ISLAM INDONESIA-TIONGKOK <p><span style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">This research aims to understand the influence of Islam in Indonesia-China public diplomacy perspective, </span><span lang="IN" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">to determine the </span><span style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">roles of non-state actors, as well as </span><span lang="IN" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">to identify its </span><span style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">opportunity and challanges. This research conducts a qualitative-descriptive approach. The researcher found that Islam influences both countries’ public diplomacy in art and cultural field as well as public diplomacy practices. Admiral Cheng Hoo holds major roles in the spread of Islam that time. The roles of non-state actors are crucial when conducting people-to-people approach: as dialogue and cooperation partner, and as promotor. Both countries has enjoyed advantages being each other’s partner in various fields. The role of promotor is beared mainly by Muhammadiyah and Nahdatul Ulama in disseminating the core value of Islam which is peace and justice. The opportunity in actualizing a sustainable cooperation between Indonesia-China is wide open in the near future due to the spirit of Belt and Road Initiatives. Meanwhile, the challenges are quite solid. The fact that Islam is minority in China and the lack of references leads to misperception among Chinese people; the domination of China in economy that are considered as a threat by most Indonesian people; the long-existed negative perception toward Indonesian-Chinese descendants; as well as Indonesia’s double identity dilemma (pluralist and religious state) in formulating public diplomacy are several defiances that must be solved in achieving a harmonious relations between Indonesia and China. </span></p> Abid Rohman, Ridha Amaliyah Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OBOR CHINA, AS DAN RESPON ULAMA INDONESIA <p>The success of China’s economic modernization surprised the international community. The 21st Century is the Asian Century that is hegemonized by China where there is no guarantee that China will consistently uphold “peaceful cooperation and coexistence” with neighboring countries in Southeast Asia. In 2050, half of the world’s gross national product will be controlled by Asia which China is predicted to displace the US to second place and become the world’s strongest player, followed by India in third place. Today, the world is witnessing: China which is authoritarian and rejects liberal democracy, continues to grow its military and economic power. The impact of China’s military and economic growth is increasingly felt by developing countries in Southeast Asia. “The threat of China,” a term that is often echoed by the US/West lately, is because China not only militarily great, but rather economically. Multaqo Ulama Ahlussunnah Waljamaah which was attended by thousands of Ulama, Habaib, Kyai, Caretakers of Islamic Boarding Schools throughout Indonesia who gathered at the Darussalam Boarding School in Wanaraja Garut, West Java on May 12, 2019 had expressed rejection of the People's Republic of China One Belt One Road program.</p> Herdi Sahrasad Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000 KONSTRUKSI SOSIAL MEDIA MASSA ATAS HUBUNGAN INDONESIA-MALAYSIA DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP NETWAR-TAUNTWAR <p>History of Indonesia’s confrontation towards Malaysia in 1963 left a strong impression within Indonesian as well as Malaysian society. It was the term ‘Ganyang Malaysia’ that was depicted as a symbol of protest from Indonesia was well acknowledged by the society. In the development of the issue to the present days, the term that is considered heart-breaking for Malaysian society is continuously used by Indonesian as ‘blasphemy’ towards Malaysian. As a response, Malaysian called ‘Indon’ to address the people of Indonesia. Indonesian were not accepting the term ‘Indon’ that is used to address them since it tends as an insult. When hike of political tension between Malaysia and Indonesia occured, media has often used the idioms in their headlines and news contents repeatedly. This research covers the practice of the social-political construction of mass media in ASEAN taking an example of the news reported in Indonesia and Malaysia. Media constructions of Indonesia-Malaysia’s conflict produced the negative stigma of both states which resulted in the negative image of Indonesian society in Malaysia and vis-à-vis. The image constructed, then spreads to the public and spread around the internet which resulted in commotion. The spirit of anti-Malaysia and the spirit of anti-Indonesia in the virtual realm is the potential sources of conflicts in the future. It will hamper ASEAN collective efforts in developing an awareness of united ASEAN society.</p> Ruli Inayah Ramadhoan Copyright (c) 2019 The Journal of Islamic Studies and International Relations Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000